By James G. Speight, Karuna K. Arjoon
With petroleum-related spills, explosions, and wellbeing and fitness matters within the headlines virtually each day, the difficulty of remediation of petroleum and petroleum items is taking over expanding value, for the survival of our surroundings, our planet, and our future. This e-book is the 1st of its sort to discover this hard factor from an engineering and clinical perspective and provide recommendations and moderate classes of motion
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Air sparging can create groundwater mounding, which could potentially cause free products to migrate and contamination to spread. Also, it is not suitable around basements, sewers, or other subsurface confined spaces that are present at the site. Potentially dangerous constituent concentrations could accumulate in basements unless a vapor extraction system is used to control vapor migration. If the contaminated groundwater is located in a confined aquifer system, air sparging is not advisable, because the injected air would be trapped by the saturated confining layer and could not escape to the unsaturated zone.
Alleman and A. Leeson (Editors), In Situ Bioremediation of Polycyclic Hydrocarbons and Other Organic Compounds. Battelle, Columbus, Ohio. pp. 245-250. K. 1995. E. T. C. Downey (Editors), Intrinsic Bioremediation. Battelle Press, Columbus, Ohio. pp. 171-180. , and Müller, S. 2006. " Appl. Environ. , 72: 3531-3542. H. 2009. " Journal of Applied Biosciences 17: 922-929. E. L. 1994. C. E. N. Miller (Editors), Hydrocarbon Bioremediation. , Boca Raton, Florida, pp. 72-79. H. 1988. " CRC Crit. Rev. Environ.
401: 266-269. T. 2004. " Report No. EPA/600/R-04/075. National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio. Bioremediation of Petroleum and Petroleum Products by James G. Speight and Karana K. Arjoon Copyright © 2012 Scrivener Publishing LLC. 2 Petroleum Composition and Properties 1 Introduction Spills from tankers, pipelines, and oil wells are examples of point sources of pollution, where the origin of the contaminants is a single identifiable point (Speight, 1996; Speight and Lee, 2000; Speight, 2005).
Bioremediation of Petroleum and Petroleum Products by James G. Speight, Karuna K. Arjoon
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