By P. Parvatha Reddy
Through ‘Green Revolution’ in overdue Sixties, India accomplished self-sufficiency in nutrients construction, yet nonetheless the rustic has now not completed self-sufficiency in creation of horticultural vegetation. lots of the development in nutrients creation in the course of the eco-friendly revolution interval is attributed to using larger degrees of fertilizers and insecticides that are carrying on with to ruin solid conventional ecosystems. The problem ahead of the crop defense scientist is to extend yields from the present land with no harming the surroundings and source base. this is often completed through adopting green Biointensive built-in Pest administration (BIPM) strategy.
BIPM accommodates ecological and fiscal elements into agricultural approach layout and choice making, and addresses public issues approximately environmental caliber and foodstuff security. the advantages of imposing BIPM can comprise decreased chemical enter charges, decreased on-farm and off-farm environmental affects, and greater and sustainable pest administration. An ecology-based IPM has the opportunity of lowering inputs of gasoline, equipment, and artificial chemicals-all of that are strength in depth and more and more expensive by way of monetary and environmental influence. Such discount rates will gain the grower and society.
The current ebook bargains with the latest biointensive built-in techniques for pest administration using elements corresponding to bioagents [predators, parasitoids and pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses)], botanicals (biofumigation, oil tarts, FYM, compost, crop residues, eco-friendly manuring and different natural amendments), arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, actual equipment (hot water therapy of planting fabric, soil solarization), cultural equipment (crop rotation, summer time ploughing, fallowing, intercropping, pruning, mulching, spacing, planting date, seize cropping, etc.), biorational chemical compounds (pheromones) and resistant cultivars. This e-book can function an invaluable connection with coverage makers, learn and extension staff, working towards farmers and scholars. the fabric can be used for educating post-graduate courses.
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Extra resources for Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems
Sclerotiorum Verticillium dahliae Biocontrol agent T. harzianum, T. viride, T. koningii, T. —seed treatment P. parasitica var. nicotianae—soil treatment T. viride, T. harzianum—cutting treatment A. niger—soil treatment T. harzianum, T. 9 Biological control of tuber crop diseases Tuber crop Disease(s)/Pathogen(s) Yam Botrytis theobromae Cassava Phytophthora drechsleri Elephant foot yam Sclerotium rolfsii Biocontrol agent T. viride T. viride T. harzianum, T. 10 Biological control of plantation crop pests Plantation crop Pest Coconut Black headed caterpillar, Opisinia arenosella Rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros Areca nut Ischnaspis longirostris Coffee Mealy bugs, Planococcus and Pseudococcus spp.
Fluorescens (5 g/kg), T8—Control (ii) Integrated Management (a) Two Bioagents: Khan et al. (1997) have reported that P. lilacinus gave better overall protection of papaya plants against M. incognita–F. solani disease complex than T. harzianum. They reported that application of both the biocontrol agents further limited the damage caused by M. incognita and F. solani and gave a 35 % increase in plant growth compared to individual applications. 1 Die-back, Botryodiplodia theobromae (i) Symptoms: This is the most destructive disease of the jackfruit.
Lilacinus (1 × 106 cfu/g) + T. harzianum (1 × 109 cfu/g) (each at 5 or 10 g/kg soil) and application of 35 g each of P. lilacinus + T. harzianum/pit while transplanting. 13). 14). (b) Bioagents and Botanicals: Application of 2 kg FYM enriched with P. fluorescens (109 spores/g) and P. lilacinus (1 × 106 cfu/g) per plant at the time of planting and at an interval of 6 months significantly reduced reniform and root-knot nematodes on roots by 66 % and 70 %, respectively. Significant increase in fruit yield (28 %) was also observed.
Biointensive Integrated Pest Management in Horticultural Ecosystems by P. Parvatha Reddy
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