By N. A. Figurovskii, Yu. I. Solov’ev (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3642727328

ISBN-13: 9783642727320

ISBN-10: 3642727344

ISBN-13: 9783642727344

A complete century has handed because the surprising and tragically untimely dying of Aleksandr Porfir'evich Borodin in 1887 on the age of fifty three, whilst he was once following with exceptional luck the disparate careers of musician, composer, natural chemist, and pioneer in women's scientific schooling. As a different determine one of the amazing workforce of geniuses who without notice seemed in Russia in the course of the final century and explosively propelled that state into the mainstream of global tradition within the arts, humanities, and sciences, it might probably were anticipated that Borodin was once the article of a lot study. there's no doubt that the Russian contribution to the superb improvement of structural chemistry within the final century has tended to be underplayed, whereas that during the remainder of Europe has acquired even more consciousness. One wonders, specifically, no matter if Borodin's identify will possibly not have seemed within the chemical pantheon, as have these of Mendeleev, Markovnikov, Menshutkin, and plenty of different Russians, if the aldol condensation, which he was once the 1st to find and examine, have been named the Borodin condensation. Straightening out the list is critical; Figurovskii and Solov'ev's biography does a lot during this appreciate. simply as meritorious were the scholarly and exhaustive efforts of Professors Charlene Steinberg and George B. Kauffman, who've made the Russian textual content obtainable to the Western international of their exact and engrossing translation.

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Shishkov6 Mendeleev wrote: I see that there is nothing of value for me in this laboratory; even the weights are rather bad; but mainly there is no neat, quiet, little corner where one can work with such delicate equipment as capillaries ... The only interesting aspect of this laboratory, alas, is the school itself: a lot of workers, all of them beginners. Thus I decided to construct everything for myself at home7 . Borodin, who on his day of arrival in Heidelberg already visited this laboratory, wrote to his mother: " ...

In: Grove, Vol. 17, pp. 178-181. ] IJ'ia Grigor'evich Borshchov (1833-1878) was a botanist, a professor at Kiev University, and one of the first investigators of colloid chemistry. - A. [See GSE, 1973, Vol. 3, p. 482. ] Pis'ma A. P. Borodina (Letters of A. P. Borodin) [hereafter abbreviated as Letters, I], Moscow, 1928, pp. 30-31 and 34. - A. Milii Alekseevich Balakirev (1836-1910) was a well-known Russian composer, an outstanding musical figure, the head of the Balakirev circle, well known under the name Moguchaia Kuchka (The Mighty Little Group), and a friend and teacher of Borodin's.

Lowitz, had obtained trichloroacetic acid for the first time by the same method as early as the end of the eighteenth century. By this method, negatively charged chlorine replaced positively charged hydrogen, but, according to the electrochemical theory, the CCl3 group must be considered as positively charged. Guided by this research, Dumas developed the doctrine of metalepsy (substitution) and laid the foundations for the co-called type theory of chemical compounds. The French chemist Gerhardt developed this doctrine extensively.

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Aleksandr Porfir’evich Borodin: A Chemist’s Biography by N. A. Figurovskii, Yu. I. Solov’ev (auth.)


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