By Barnabas Gikonyo
Due to their excessive development expense, algae, microalgae, and aquatic vegetation have gotten the main promising photosynthetic organisms for biofuel creation. Advances in Biofuel construction: Algae and Aquatic Plants explores present investigations and alertness of the fields of biofuel creation and bioengineering and considers from a world context the evolving methods of algal biofuel construction. The e-book appears at how biomass, particularly sugars, nonedible plant fabrics, and algae (which are distinctive first, moment, and 3rd fuels respectively) are utilized in the construction of gasoline. The feasibility of such tasks, present methodologies, and the way to optimize biofuel creation are presented.
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Extra info for Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants
Crop Oil yield (L·ha−1) Corn 172 Soybean 446 Canola 1,190 Jatropha 1,892 Coconut 2,689 Oil palm 5,950 Microalgae (70% oil in biomass) 136,900 Microalgae (30% oil in biomass) 58,700 Current Status and Prospects of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae 3 However, commercialization of microalgae biomass and biofuel production is still facing significant obstacles due to high production costs and poor efficiency. In face of these challenges, researchers are undertaking profound efforts to improve microalgae biomass production and lipid accumulation and lower downstream processing costs.
Lipid accumulation and CO2 utilization of Nanochloropsis oculata in response to CO2 aeration. Bioresour. Technol. 2009, 100, 833–838. 45. ; Hoadley, A. Dewatering of microalgal cultures: A major bottleneck to algae-based fuels. J. Renew. Sustain. Energy 2010, 2, 012701. 46. A. Oil extraction from microalgae for biodiesel production. Bioresour. Technol. 2011, 102, 178–185. 47. ; Gedanken, A. Bio-diesel production directly from the microalgae biomass of Nannochloropsis by microwave and ultrasound radiation.
X. On-line determination of biomass in a microalga bioreactor using a novel computerized flow injection analysis system. Prog. 2002, 18, 1387–1391. ; Kapdan, I. Batch kinetics of nitrogen and phosphorus removal from synthetic wastewater by algae. Ecol. Eng. 2006, 28, 64–70. ; Melkonian, M. Removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater using microalgae immobilized on twin layers: An experimental study. J. Appl. Phycol. 2007, 19, 417–423. ; Buyer, J. Treatment of dairy and swine manure effluents using freshwater algae: Fatty acid content and composition of algal biomass at different manure loading rates.
Advances in Biofuel Production: Algae and Aquatic Plants by Barnabas Gikonyo
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