By L. Magnani

ISBN-10: 0306465140

ISBN-13: 9780306465147

This e-book ties jointly the worries of philosophers of technological know-how and AI researchers, exhibiting for instance the connections among medical pondering and medical examiner platforms. It lays out an invaluable common framework for dialogue of a number of forms of abduction. It develops very important rules approximately points of abductive reasoning which were quite missed in cognitive technological know-how, together with using visible and temporal representations and the position of abduction within the withdrawal of hypotheses.

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Additional resources for Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and Explanation

Example text

Theoretical Abduction 41 The last three types of conceptual change can be illustrated by the following examples. The Newtonian abandon of the Aristotelian distinction between natural and unnatural motion exemplifies the collapse of part of the kind-hierarchy. Branch jumping occurred when the Copernican revolution involved the recategorization of the earth as a kind of planet, when previously it had been considered special, but also when Darwin reclassified humans as a kind of animal. Finally, we have to say that Darwin not only reclassified humans as animals, he modified the meaning of the classification itself.

We know that scientific concept formation has been ignored because of the accepted view that no "logic of discovery" - either deductive, inductive, or abductive algorithms for generating scientific knowledge - is possible33 • The methods of discovery involve use of heuristic procedures (Peirce was talking of creative abduction as the capacity and the "method" of making good conjectures); cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, and computational philosophy have established that heuristic procedures are reasoned (see the following section).

These last cases are the most evident changes occurring in many kinds of creative reasoning in science, when adopting a new conceptual system is more complex than mere belief revision. Related to some of these types of scientific conceptual change are different varieties of model-based abductions. In these cases the hypotheses "transcend" the vocabulary of the evidence language, as opposed to the cases of simple inductive generalizations: the most interesting case of creative abduction is called by Hendricks and Faye (1999) trans-paradigmatic abduction.

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Abduction, Reason and Science - Processes of Discovery and Explanation by L. Magnani

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