By Leslie A. Schuster
During this research of the existence and paintings of Saint-Nazaire's shipbuilding employees within the 30 years earlier than global conflict I, Schuster indicates that the implications of business construction for employees differed sharply in response to their assets and studies. She information the competing identities and divergent values maintained through shipbuilding employees, demonstrating that they have been fostered via the interplay among nation courses, business construction, and the traditions pursued within the neighborhood realm. 3rd Republic fiscal rules for shipbuilding promoted unemployment and employee dependence on country officers over union leaders, and the asymmetric software of capitalist tools of creation intended a number of place of work reviews that extra undercut organization.
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Extra resources for A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910
In 1907 barely 400 homes had the financial means to contract with a private water supplier, while the majority of households drew their water from one of twelve standing pipes connected to the reservoirs, but twelve taps for a population of 30,000 proved an unsatisfactory distribution. 94 Saint-Nazaire's officials proved more energetic in commercial and administrative development, elements of the infrastructure essential to attract and support local industry. They extended many of the major streets.
CGM AH, CGM GG5 209 "Note," 15 December 1881. 65. ADLA 1M2309 "Sous-Prefet," August 1861; Fernand Gueriff, "Histoire du quartier de Mean-Penhouet et des anciens chantiers de la construction navale en bois," Bulletin de la Societe Archeologique et Historique de Nantes (1961): 92-94. Wages at the new Saint-Nazaire yard were also higher than at Nantes and, for some trades, higher than at Bordeaux. Mederic-Clement Lechalas, Nantes et la Loire (Nantes: C. Mellinet, 1870), 17. 66. AN 9AQ3 "Generale Ordinaire 1864"; ADLA 1M2309 "Sous-Prefet," 6 August 1861; Nicholas Faucier, Les Ouvriers de Saint-Nazaire, un siecle de luttes, de revokes, de dependance (Paris: Les Editions Syndicalistes, 1976), 13-14; Barbance, SaintNazaire, 367-368.
86 The closure of Penhouet left Saint-Nazaire resembling a dying town rather than a bustling city with a bright and promising future. Saint-Nazaire's third economic renewal, beginning in the mid-1870s, proved qualitatively different from its predecessors. 87 Once production began at the shipyards and at the nearby Trignac steel factory, which employed 800 workers in the manufacture of steel plates and bars, SaintNazaire's population increased from about 16,000 in 1882 to 20,182 in 1886 and then to nearly 35,000 by 1901.
A Workforce Divided: Community, Labor, and the State in Saint-Nazaire's Shipbuilding Industry, 1880-1910 by Leslie A. Schuster
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