By Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
This quantity presents a precis of the average historical past of the floor beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and over 2400 taxa) from North the United States north of Mexico. lower than every one taxon, the ecology, biology, dispersal energy, amassing thoughts and chosen references are given. The part on ecology contains the next: altitudinal distribution, habitat, diel job and gregariousness. The part facing biology offers information on seasonality, mating, gravid adult females or oviposition, tenerals, over-wintering, feeding, predation, parasitism and defence-mechanism. The part on dispersal strength, or the potential of dispersal, has been assessed whilst attainable utilizing 3 major standards: wing situation, flight information (including light-trapping observations) and different locomotory conduct. The part on gathering thoughts offers the simplest technique of trap. The part references checklist the main appropriate papers, with applicable key phrases, and an exhaustive bibliography facing the usual heritage of North American Carabidae is usually supplied. This paintings follows the "Catalogue of Bousquet and Larochelle" (1993), "Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachydae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae together with Cicindelini of the US north of Mexico) which supplied nomenclatural and distributional info on North American floor beetles
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Additional info for A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27)
Pitfall trapping; raking the leaf litter; light trapping. Reference. Hatch, 1953 (ecology). Amara (Curtonotus) carinata (LeConte, 1848) Ecology. Lowlands and uplands. , corn, alfalfa, wheat, oat, clover, cabbage, flax), pastures, fencerows, gardens, wastelands, vacant lots, sandhills, sand pits; vicinity of alkaline lakes and reservoirs. Often near alkaline water. Open ground; moderately moist, sandy or clayish soil covered with some vegetation. Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under hay, among grass roots, under stones and dry cow dung.
Margins of eutrophic marshes, ponds, and lakes; swamps and drainage channels. Often associated with small bodies of water. , Typha, Carex, Equisetum, moss (not Sphagnum)), and with emergent substrate and clumps of dead vegetation; soil, when not flooded, wet clayish or muddy, rich in organic debris, with similar vegetation. , Typha) and under dead leaves. Gregarious (in winter). Larval habitat: in the hollow stems of the marsh vegetation. Biology. Seasonality: January, March-December. Gravids: May-August (AB, ON, QU).
Amara (Amara) aeneopolita Casey, 1918 Ecology. Lowlands and mountains. , corn), vacant lots, and fencerows. Open ground; firm, rather dry soil composed of sand, clay or gravel, covered with some vegetation. Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under vegetal debris. Biology. Seasonality: June-August. Dispersal power. Macropterous. Frequent in seashore drift material, which indicates flight ability. Moderate runner. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; turning vegetal debris; turning drift material.
A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27) by Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
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